What is Prostate Cancer?

The prostate is a walnut-sized gland located beneath the bladder which makes most of the semen that carries the sperm. It surrounds the upper part of the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder. Prostate cancer, on the other hand, is one of the most common cancers affecting men in the Western Societies. In the Philippines, however, it is the second, next to lung cancer.

Since the prostate is mainly involved in the urinary system, most of the signs are related to urination. These include burning or pain during urination, difficulty on starting and stopping of urination, more frequent urges to urinate at night, decreased flow or velocity of urine stream, and blood in the urine. These may also develop urinary tract infection (UTI) when the prostate enlarges, blocking the flow of urine from the bladder.

The number of Filipino men diagnosed with prostate cancer grew with eight (8) new cases every day. One out of 100 males would have died from this disease before age 75. It mainly occurs in older men. About six (6) cases in ten (10) are men aged 65 or older, and it is rare before age 40.  The average age of diagnosis is at 66.

Can I avoid prostate cancer?

There are evidences and studies that recommend regular exercise and engaging in healthier diets may help to reduce the risk of developing prostate cancer. Granting these accounts, which are not been firmly established, exercise and proper diet have always been present to other prevention programs. Eating more fruits, vegetables, legumes, garlic, soymilk, and tomatoes may lessen the risk. Some studies suggested that tomatoes play an important part in fighting against prostate cancer because of its protective effect due to lycopene content.

Getting Confused? Here Are Some Suggested foods and Reasons to take them:

1. Broccoli, Cauliflower, Brussels Sprouts, Kale, and Cabbage

Consuming these can reduce oxidative stress (free radicals) in the body which lowers the risk of prostate cancer and its aggression because it contains phytochemicals.

2. Carrots

There is more power in carrots. New research shows that regularly eating the vegetable appears to reduce the risk of prostate cancer by almost a fifth. Carrots contain beta-carotene and falcarinol which are antioxidants.

3. Tomato

It is a rich source of phytochemical called lycopene. It was reported in a case-control study in the late 1970’s that high consumers of lycopene (those who consume lycopene in foods more than 14 times per month) had a 30% lower risk of prostate cancer than people with low intake (3 times per month). This study includes all sources of lycopene including ketchup and sauces, which have higher antioxidant properties.

4. Mushrooms

Mushrooms help fight cancer cells by strengthening the immune system with a compound called beta glucan and protein called lectin.

5. Pomegranates

Pomegranate juice slows the PSA growth and helps to prevent cancer’s recurrence after primary treatment.

6. Grapefruit

It is a good source of phytochemicals such as naringenin, limonin, beta-carotene, and lycopene.

7. Oranges, lemons, and other citrus fruits

These contain hundreds of bioactive compounds including flavonoids and monoterpenes that protect against DNA-damaging oxidative.

8. Peppers and Jalapenos

These contain capsaicin which neutralizes substances containing cancer.

9. Apples

Source of quercetin, a flavonoid that is both anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory. Also, these are good sources of fiber and vitamin C.

10. Berries (Raspberries and Blueberries)

These fruits have the highest antioxidant power and contain vitamins C and K, manganese, and fiber.

11. Beans, Flax, and Nuts

They suppress the growth of many kinds of cancer because they contain quercetin and lignans.

12. Green Tea

It contains catechins which have anti-cancer properties. It has polyphenols and flavonoids which are strong antioxidants.

13. Brown Rice, Oatmeal, Corn, Whole Wheat Bread, Barley, Kasha, Millet, Faro, Quinoa

These are whole grains which are great sources of fiber and magnesium and provide protein.

To be healthy doesn’t require us to intake all the needed nutrients therein. Supplements are not the best sources. In other words, it’s not in an instant to achieve the body you want, to avoid all the sickness around, and to cure them when you got them. The preventions are everywhere, clean and green as what they say. Go green; embrace natural if you want your body to be cleansed within.

Image by derneuemann / CC BY 2.0